Saturday, 31 January 2015

End of Month View January 2015

I found that joining in with the End of Month View meme hosted by Helen over at The Patience Gardeners Weblog last year a valuable way of tracking developments in a new border I worked on and planted out last year - I have decided to continue taking part.  This meme does exactly as it says on the tin!  End of Month View.  Which view? Well that's entirely up to you.  You can join in here.

Last year, my post began when the work got under way.  There was a lot of hard labour involved in the first couple of posts but this year it's going to be different.  All the hard work has already been done.  Leaving me to do nothing else except watch the garden grow.  Again, I intend to focus on one particular spot - The Front Garden.  These shots taken on Thursday, sees the garden with a light covering of snow.  Since there is little else to see right now, it adds a bit of interest.  This is the view standing on the front step.

Looking west into the open fields over the river
A bit about my front garden.  It is an incredibly sunny spot, very open and exposed at times.  It takes a fair battering from those south westerly winds and rain.  Despite the fact the the whole property is on quite a level site, the drainage out here in the front garden is far better than the back garden.  Tulip and Gladioli bulbs survive in the ground without rotting in the winter wet.  I've enjoyed sourcing plants that will cope with these conditions.

I've left a small circular lawn in the centre of the garden, the Roses I planted at the end of summer/early autumn are intended to be the stars of the show and they will be joined by a variety of perennials throughout the year.  

View from in front of the house
Standing in the back corner, looking towards the street, you can see the Privet hedge is completely bare this year.  I really could be doing with removing this hedge but as it's home and support to the rather gorgeous Tropaeolum speciosum I am loathe to do so.  Instead, I am letting it gain some height to show of the Tropaeolum at it's best.  The shape of the lawn is a bit more obvious in this shot. The upturned baskets you can see offer protection for the Nepeta from the cats.  Kooki as you can see contemplating going for a wander or back indoors for a bit of heat.  

Looking towards the houses, I live on the end of a row of four terraced houses and we are not allowed fencing out the front more than 3ft in height.  I have added a bit of height by topping it off with trellising.  Elsewhere in the garden the trellis is square edged, I thought I do something a bit different out here.  I hoped that the curved lines would add a bit of character.  I'm not at all convinced but they are there now and there they will stay for now!

View towards the house
As yet, I've not put in any climbers to cover the trellising.  I have issues with the neighbour's Kerria japonica (to the left in this image), I periodically have to remove the slats of the fence to tear out the suckers that grows between the fence in it's attempt to take over my garden.  To the right (you can just make it out to the left of the potted Cordyline), she has planted Prunus laurocerasus - I am currently trying to convince her of it's inappropiateness a couple of feet from the house and fence. She's taking some convincing!

As for colour scheme, I originally wanted a scheme of warm reds/oranges and yellows contrasting with deep purples but some cooler blues have slipped since I toiled to source plants in the exact colour of purple I wanted.  I think know that I will need to work on softening the edge where it meets the drive - I had a bit of a 'that will do' moment when work here was nearing the end.  Do you know that feeling?

Last to go in the ground in autumn were the 200 Crocus sieberi Spring Beauty and 25 Iris (Dutch) Bronze Beauty bulbs I bought from Peter Nyssen.  This is the first time I've bought bulbs online.  I used Peter Nyssen after reading that a few of you recommended them in your posts.  I under planted all the roses with the Crocus and the Iris have been planted in groups of 5 here and there.  They should be the first plants to bloom this year.

Crocus sieberi Spring Beauty foliage End of January 2015
So there you have it, My Front Garden, at around 5m x 5m, certainly not the largest but definitely not the smallest either.  In conjunction with this post, I intend to created a stand alone page for my front garden.  It's purpose will be to profile the plants as and when they bloom throughout the year.  I tried to do this last year with the whole garden and to be honest, proved to be much more time consuming that I'd thought.   I am hoping that by concentrating on a smaller area I won't get swamp in the work involved.  The page is a blank right now but will be adding to as soon as the first flowers of the year appear.

Thursday, 29 January 2015

Just a dusting.

With January coming to an end, we finally had some winter weather.  Winter is just not winter without a light dusting of snow at least.  I know we rarely have it as bad as some but it's always nice to see the wintery effect it brings to the garden.

Clumps of Galanthus nivalis are dotted around the garden at varying stages of growth, who can fail to love Snowdrops in the Snow?
Galanthus nivalis in the snow
More G. nivalis in the snow
Not quite ready to flower yet, Galanthus Jaquenetta under the witch hazel should have 2 flowers this year - it's all good!
Galanthus Jaquenetta
I was pleased that I managed to get the new Eranthis in the ground at the beginning of the week. They look far better in the ground than out and those yellow blooms are like beacons - I can see them from the house.

 Crocus are standing tall whilst the snow melts round about them.  Aren't they brave wee soldiers?  
Crocus chrysanthus

Crocus chrysanthus Romance
In the side garden, the Cyclamen coum had only just got started and has been flattened by the weight of the snow.  I'm sure it will pick itself up again.  Cyclamen coum doesn't like my garden as much as C. hederifolium does,  this is all that is left from 3 good sized pots planted a few years back.

Cyclamen coum
Bowing under pressure - Helleborus x ericsmithii Pirouette began to pick up as it thawed out once the sun hit it.

Helleborus x ericsmithii Pirouette

Remnants of the earlier snow fall, the ice acts as a bit of bling around the cones of the Abies koreana Silberlocke.

Abies koreana Silberlocke
In a pot outside the back door the monochromatic effect of the snow dusting Ophiopogon nigrescens looks rather dramatic.  The shoots of Iris reticulata Harmony are just beginning to poke their noses up into the light.
Ophiopogon nigrescens
Out in the front garden, a bud from Rosa Jude the Obscure, wears a little white cap courtesy of the snow.

Rosa Jude the Obscure
To round of such a lovely day - I spotted Woodrow the Woodpecker in a tree over the back.  Poised with the camera to capture a few shots, I spotted something quite different hopping around on the snow covered lawn.  A new species to visit the garden, this Pied Wagtail hung around for a long time helping itself to what ever it could find.  I hope it's not just a one off visit.  Woodrow never did appear however!

Pied Wagtail (Motacilla alba)

Tuesday, 27 January 2015

Bloom and grow (January 2015)

In a recent post, Jane over at Hoe Hoe Grow, wrote about her new Hellebores and her attempt to ensure blooms in the garden all year round.  She is inspired to do so by following the advice from the late great Geoff Hamilton.  He suggests visiting garden centres each month to buy plants that are in flower ensuring you have blooms in your garden all year.  I do hope she doesn't mind me continuing with her theme as I too had set myself a similar task this year.  Not that I need any excuse to visit nurseries and GCs.  This year I intend to focus on specific spots in the garden that could do with a bit of cheering up at certain times of the year.  There are not many gaps but I think there are spots that could do with a bit more planning and at times are just a mass of foliage.  I think the term I'm looking for is what the professionals call Succession Planting.  I intend to do a series of posts throughout the year on what plants I have purchased in bloom and this series will ultimately provide me with a reference point in future years.            

Blooming times of plants will of course be dictated to by weather conditions and will vary year on year.  The records I've been keeping thus far prove that some plants will flower at the same time of year regardless of conditions and others can vary as much as a month or so.

Buying plants in bloom, particularly if they are larger specimens, can of course be quite expensive but we should all be comforted by the fact that the majority of the plants we buy can be successfully propagated in some way and you can have new plants for elsewhere in your garden or to share with family and friends.  At least that's what I tell myself!

Galanthus Spindlestone Surprise
We should also be aware that many establishments offer specimens, perennials in particular, that will have been force into growth and flower making them look far more attractive on their shelves.  Take for example my latest purchase.

Having spent the colder nights going over old notes, pictures and ideas, I realised I had forgot to buy some Eranthis bulbs to plant back in Autumn.  The plan was to recreate a small patch of Snowdrops and Winter Aconites in a particular spot in my garden.  I came across this combo on a garden visit last year and until then I would not have given Eranthis garden room. It was love at first sight!  At the time of the garden visit, I had the foresight to purchase some G. Spindlestone Surprise from the owner.  Knowing full well the bulbs would be costly to buy elsewhere.  Yet sourcing the Eranthis slipped my mind.  Popping into my favourite Nursery to see if they would have some pots for sale at some point in the next few weeks - he told me they would not.  He offered me the advice that they are best planted in the green as the bulbs bought in autumn are often allowed to dry out and will not be viable or might prove difficult to establish.  So perhaps fate played a hand there, eh?  I took the small detour on my way home to my next favourite nursery (yes, I have more than one favourite) - this is an establishment that I know has a wide selection of plants that are 'in season' on many of their displays.  Bingo!  I found what I was looking for.  Pots of differing sizes with Eranthis for sale.  In leaf and bud, I instinctively knew that these plants would have been forced, ready for sale.  In the open ground in the garden here, I'd not be expecting to see them blooming until some time in February/March. That said, it didn't stop me from buying them.  Thankfully my christmas vouchers were with me too!

Eranthis cilicica

Over the past couple of years it has become a bit of a tradition for me to treat myself a new Hellebore at this time of the year.  This January is no exception.  I've added to my now growing collection of Helleborus x ericsmithii.  I am rather partial to the foliage on these hybrid Hellebores. Full of buds just read to pop, H. x ericsmithii Winter Sunshine caught my eye.  Whilst the buds are varying tones of creams and pinks, the actual flowers are quite a creamy shade.  The leaf stems are almost black, they set off the large leathery leaves beautifully.

Helleborus x ericsmithii Winter Sunshine
Before I made my way to the check-out, I felt a final recce coming on.  Those Christmas vouchers really were burning a hole in my pocket.  Not that there was much left to spend, I had added a new bird feeder to my haul on this trip too.  There was nothing stopping me from keeping the vouchers for a future visit but what would be the fun in that, eh?

Tucked amongst the winter/spring interest shrubs and perennials, small pots of spring bulbs were offered for sale.  Crocus chrysanthus Snow Bunting looked interesting .  I never have much luck in planting Crocus bulbs in Autumn.  It's not that they don't grow, the rarely turn out to be the colour I was promised on the label.  I have the larger Crocus vernus Jeanne d'arc already in the garden but they are later to come into flower and generally their bloom time coincides with the spring rain, the blooms never last long.  The crisp white of Snow Bunting will flower earlier and as with the other Crocus chrysanthus growing in the garden will flower over a much longer period.

Crocus chrysanthus Snow Bunting
The majority of Narcissus growing in the garden are white.  I am not a fan of large yellow daffs although I do have a few yellow dwarf varieties dotted around the garden.  My next purchase is a bit of a compromise, I was completely drawn to the creamy white flowers with the pale yellow centres. The fact that they are scented is an added bonus .  Narcissus Pueblo is according to Sarah Raven's website lovely, sumptuously scented and long flowering.  I look forward to finding this out for myself.

Narcissus Pueblo
At a few pence less than £9 for all 6 tubs, it may be an expensive way to buy bulbs but I don't mind they will provide me with spring blooms for years to come and of course they will multiply too.

Last and certainly not least this trip, I was attracted to the golden, ferny foliage of this Corydalis.  I had never seen one with this colour of foliage before, I knew there and then that it had to come home with me.  Thankfully, Corydalis do well here, they like the conditions my garden offers.  I will, by hook or by crook, find a spot for this wee beauty in one of my shady beds.  It will have scented purple flowers, which I've read are wonderfully fragrant.

Another day out, another Garden Centre, I only popped in on the passing for some bird food.  It was hard to ignore the large display of winter flowering Jasmine just getting ready to flower, there are masses of buds on each stem.  I had long toyed with growing Jasminum nudiflorum over the new arch in the front garden.  It was not top priority and I hadn't really done much research on the plant.  I know very little about it, other than the fact an old neighbour used to grow it over a fence we shared in a previous garden.  Back then I wasn't into gardening and paid no attention to it.  I've seen it featured in a few posts I've read recently.  The temptation was just too much, I brought it home.  Since it's come home I've read it needs a sheltered spot to thrive, my front garden, whilst sunny is certainly not sheltered and I am now having my doubts as to whether or not it's growth habit is suited for growing up the arch, the upright panels of which are rather narrow.  What I'm going to do with it now, goodness only this space!  I really must work on my habit for impulse buying of plants.

If you'd like to join in with this series of posts, please feel free to pop a link in the comment box.  I'm sure we'd all like to see what you've been buying lately.  I am off to the early spring bulb show on the 21st of February, therefore the next post in this series will be published at some time in the week following that visit.  I suspect I'll be coming home with a couple of new snowdrops.

Saturday, 24 January 2015

GBFD Spring Promise - Winter Reality!

My post this month  for Garden Bloggers Foliage Day (albeit a tad late) is a bit of a mish mash on what's going on in the garden this week.  Apoligies for my tardiness Christina.

It's still cold here, regular frosts for well over a week now.  The lowest temperature at the beginning of the week was a chilly minus 5.  There is no wind, no cloud and yet the bright afternoon sun is barely warm enough to activate a thaw.  However, it's nice to see that the sun is now high enough in the sky to brighten and add warmth to the sunnier side of the garden.  In sunnier spots new growth is apparent on some plants yet on the shadier side of the garden there is very little sign of life.  The odd clump of Galanthus nivalis are only just poking their noses up.  Frost and decaying leaves surround some snowdrops - Spring Promise

Galanthus nivalis
Amongst the crips brown leaves and stems of one of the Clematis, an unopened bud reminds us of those sunnier months.  Winter reality!

The stark contrast between the old and the new on another Clematis, this time in a sunnier spot and much further on in new growth this January.  New shoots begin to unfurl from the buds, Spring Promise!

The Zantedeschia aethiopica had until the other day coped remarkably well with the colder temperatures, now admitting defeat and collapsed in a heap.  I usually protect the crown of this plant with straw but now in it's fourth year, I am hoping it's mature enough to cope without protection. Winter reality!

The Japanese anemone, Anemone x hybrida Andrea Atkinson put up a similar battle but succumb a few days back.  Yet behind her, the buds of Camellia japonica Brushfields Yellow are fattening up.

Winter reality!

Spring promise!

The ferny foliage of Corydalis flexuosa Pere David thawing out and a few skeletal remains of the Hosta needs removing.  Spring Promise!

One of my favourite shrubs in the garden, Cotinus coggygria Dusky Maiden still holding onto a few leaves.  Albeit a bit wind and frost bitten. Autumn remnants!

Popping up through the variegated foliage of Euonymus fortunei Emerald Gaiety a solitary Crocus bub is emergine.  Do please excuse the bird poop. Spring Promise!

Up on the decking, the pots which add a bit of greenery to the area all year round a Chrysanthemum is just about to give up the ghost amongst Ivy, Goldcrest Cypress and Lavender. This display would still look rather fresh had I bothered to cut back the Chrysanthemum but given that was still flowering at Christmas time I could not bring myself to do it. Winter reality!

On the shadier side of the garden, a mushy mound of Primula is quite the sorry sight.  Turn around and it's quite a different story on the sunnier side.  Those new leaves of the drumstick Primula, tightly closed are protecting the forming flower buds within.  Reality and Promise side by side.

The shady evergreen corner, adds a bit of structure and yet those leaves need still need clearing up. Fallen leaves are indeed a winter reality!

The fresh new foliage pokes its way from beneath the surface of this Pulmonaria Blue Ensign.  Spring Promise!

Spring Promise!

Elsewhere in the garden, pretty much all the other Pulmonarias look like this.....Winter Reality!

Winter Reality!

Euphorbia characias Glacier Blue, poised and Euphorbia characias Silver Swan gleaming in the winter sun - Spring Promise!

Euphorbia characias Glacier Blue

Euphorbia characias Silver Swan

I find in my garden Epimedium x perralchicum  Frohnleiten holds up particularly well compared to others in winter.  Pretty soon though those leaves will be cut back to allow those bright yellow blooms to stand tall.

Epimedium x perralchicu Fronhnleiten
Whilst Frohnleiten is billed as evergreen, the semi-evergreen Epimedium warleyense Ellen Willmott keeps tight those gorgeous autumn colours.

Epimedium warleyense Ellen Willott
All around the garden the Aquilegia are coming to life - those new shoots are untouched by the frost.  Spring Promise!

The Leucothoe fontenesiana Whitewater growing round the back of the kitchen extension is really coming into it's own now.  This is its 3rd year in my garden and I'm pleased with my attempts at using it for evergreen fence cover and grateful that it is now tall enough to reach the trellis on the top of the fence.  It is full of buds and should flower beautifully this year - touch wood!  It has only flowered sparsely in previous springs.  Spring Promise!       

Leucothoe fontenesiana Whitewater
It felt odd this week that I was not able to get out into the garden.  I generally try to find something to do when I've nothing else on but this week it was just not practical to get out there, the weather was not conducive to any sort of garden activity.   Other than feed the birds and take some pictures that is.

In an attempt to cheer myself up this afternoon I took myself out for a spot of lunch and a bit of retail therapy.  Garden related retail therapy of course!  I spent the last of my Christmas vouchers on some spring pretties for the garden, more on those in a later post.  Where ever you are, I hope you are able to enjoy your garden this weekend.

Friday, 16 January 2015

Garden Bloggers Bloom Day January 2015

Brrrrrr!  It's chilly out there!  Thankfully my garden isn't very big and I don't need to wrap up as if I'm going on some exhibition to the North Pole to pop out and see what's blooming this month.  Not that there's a lot too see anyway.  Looking back at other January posts and old pictures, I think this January is a little disappointing bloom wise but weather wise that I'd probably describe this winter as  a normal winter here in Edinburgh.  With the last few winters being somewhat out of the ordinary, it's a nice change.  We've had just the right amount of everything so far.  This of course is based on no scientific data whatsoever, just my observations.      

As I look around the borders, bulbs are bursting through the soil everywhere.  The bulbs are now spreading themselves around the garden.  I see the odd Crocus popping up in spots I hadn't planted them.   This I think is a side affect of me moving plants around the garden and taking with them bulbs in the surrounding soil.  Most though are a month or so away from flowering.  However, there is one wee sign of spring this bloom day.  Some Crocus are racing on ahead  - this little clump of Crocus chrysanthus are in a sunny wee spot, one of the few wee spots that gets some direct sun in winter.  I thought these Crocus were early this year but checking back they were at a similar stage in the previous Januarys I have on record.  

The January winds have been relentless this last week, again nothing out of the ordinary for this time of the year.  Thankfully little or no damage in my garden.  I do see damage to a few fences in the neighbourhood and a couple of the greenhouses I can see from my upstairs windows have all suffered.  It's at this time of the year I get kind of pleased I don't have a greenhouse. 

The 'Special' snowdrops are all up too, but are a wee bit away from flowering.  The first flower of Galanthus Mrs Macnamara began flowering back in November and it's second flower is out in time for this month's post. 

Galanthus elwesii Mrs Macnamara
There are not many shrubs that flower in winter and those that do are really welcome.  Both the Hamamelis and Mahonia have been blooming since November.  Hamamelis x intermedia Jelena has flowered sparsely but is really now coming into her own.  Is there any other plant with such fascinating blooms?  They are hard to beat.

Hamamelis x intermedia Jelena
I won't bore you with more photos of the Mahonia, besides the winds are making it rather difficult to get a good picture.  One of my New Years Resolutions for the garden was to get a grip with my plant list and yet the first plant I have to look up for confirmation of it's name I find I haven't recorded, nor can I find the label.  It's not like me to forget, I usually have some kind of take on the name in my head but this one, my mind is blank!  Does anyone know how to tell the difference between S. confusa and S. hookeriana?  I can remember it had a scent when I bought it but I can no longer smell it.  Final size does not help me either as it's still relatively small and has only been in the garden 2 years.

One group of plants that rarely let us down at this time of the year are the Hellebores.  Some of my favourites are from the H. x ericsmithii hybrid collection.  I promised myself a new one this year if I was given vouchers for Christmas.   I did just that but the one I bought is not blooming right now, however one of it's relatives is just coming to bloom.  A lonely bloom amongst a mass of buds on H. x ericsmithii Pirouette which was new to the garden last year.     

Helleborus x ericsmithii Pirouette
Whilst there are slim pickings from my garden this January, it is full of February Promise!  Meantime please join me and other garden bloggers at May Dream Gardens to see what's going on in their wee corners of the globe.

Sunday, 11 January 2015

Tree following January 2015 - Sorbus Autumn Spire

Nursery label
For the first time I decided to join many of you in Lucy's 'I'm following a Tree' series.   The tree I have picked to follow is Sorbus Autumn Spire.  The species Sorbus is generally better known by it's common name Rowan.  It is described as a medium sized deciduous tree with columnar growth habit. Clusters of white flowers appear in late spring and yellow berries (pomes) in autumn.  S. Autumn Spire is listed as a clone of the more widely known S. Joseph Rock.  Also described as ideal for a restricted place.  Height and spread of this tree after 10 years is 4m x 1.2m (13ft x 4ft)

Right now, at the beginning of January, you would be easily excused for not paying much attention to this tree.  It is rather unassuming and blends right in with it's background.  If you blink, you'd miss it!  This tree was chosen because of it's ultimate size, the other deciding factor was that it was attractive to wildlife.  It has been in my garden for 10 months now and despite it's size, last year, it put out a fair amount of blossom.  The tree had yellow berries, or as they are rightly called pomes, this past Autumn.  I didn't take long for the blackbirds to find them.   It had always been my understanding that birds will always show a preference for red berries before making a start on orange and yellow ones.  Yet in my garden, despite the fact that there is an abundance of red berries on other plants, this tree's yellow berries were cleared first. 

Not long after I got this tree in the ground, one of my cats took a fancy to it and claimed it as his personal scratch pole.   I've managed to discourage him by placing a coiled rabbit guard round the section he was using. This has worked a treat.  The guard is flexible in design and will expand as the tree grows over the years.   It is my intention to under plant this tree with some spring bulbs as it matures.  It would be a such a shame not as this is such a sunny wee site.  Some of my clumps of G. nivalis will be ready for dividing this year, they will be the first added.  
Young green/bronze bark

The bark of this young tree would be best described as green/bronze with a delicate sheen.  Of course, the usual Rowan markings are obvious.  The picture doesn't really show the sheen of at it's best. 

Looking up to the top of the tree, which is around 1.8m (6ft) right now, it somewhat resembles Poseidon's Trident, a break in the cloud allowed me to get a shot against the clear winter sky.  Yes, we do get winter sun here in Scotland!  A bit of heat to go along with it would be an added bonus.

The buds, are as you'd expect them to be at this time of the year, tightly closed.  Those red buds will soon burst open and to produce those long slender leaves, bringing the tree to life.  This tree was the prime perch for many of last year's fledgling birds.  It provided shelter for the little ones and with the feeders placed nearby for the adult birds convenience - I'm sure it saved those exhausted parents a lot of effort.   

S. Autumn Spire is given a southerly aspect here in the garden.  Full sun for most of the year, except for a few weeks either side of the winter solstice when the sun isn't quite high enough to get over the top of nearby houses.  Although not a particularly open site, it can get a bit windy. A couple of times a year this area can get a bit water logged.  The label recommends it is wet tolerant.  The soil is workable and holds adequate moisture for the rest of the year.  Soil conditioners and spent compost has been added over the years.   I have previously lost a few shrubs from this spot in the garden, due to the aforementioned conditions.  I hope I've made a better choice with this plant.  I had noted that some of the Rowans that grow along the river at the end of the road can often have their roots under water for days, if not weeks, on end when the river is high.  I hope this tree can cope just as well as those.     

Throughout history, many cultures have cherished trees believing them to have magical and sacred powers.  None more so than the Rowan Tree here in Scotland.  It's connection with beliefs, myths and tales are widespread.  One of the more familiar cultural beliefs, not only here in Scotland but elsewhere, is that having a Rowan Tree growing by your front door or garden gate is said to ward off witches.  Branches of the Rowan tied above a door will keep the very same witches at bay.  Pieces of Rowan hung above stable doors were said to prevent the witches entering the stables and taking the horse for a midnight ride.  There are even instances in property law here in Scotland, where it is forbidden to remove a Rowan Tree from a particular property.   It is said to be bad luck to cut or fell a Rowan Tree.  However, wood from fallen trees were traditionally used to make walking sticks, spinning wheels, spindles and tool handles.  Bark and berries are also used to dye garments.  I have read that the red of the rowan berries was the inspiration behind the red colouring of tartan plaids.

In the highlands of Scotland, Rowan Trees are often the only remaining clue that a Croft once stood on a site.  The Rowan Tree features in the Celtic tree Calendar in which each of the 13 lunar months is represented by a tree with magical powers.  Caorunn (pronounced ka-roon) is the Gaelic word for the Rowan Berry.  The abundant planting of Rowans planted in the north of Scotland attracts large flocks of migrating birds, especially waxwing, redwings and fieldfares, from Scandinavia in winter. 

Would you believe that until recently Scotland did not have a national tree.  In 2013 a 3 month consultation was launched, supported by a wide range of agencies, to decide which tree would be designated as such.  The Rowan tree came runner up to the Scot's Pine proving it's familiarity and popularity in our culture.